Sep 23, 2014

Systematic review of the mechanisms driving effective blood flow during adult CPR

Resuscitation
Marios GeorgiouTheodoros Xanthos

Abstract

High quality chest compressions is the most significant factor related to improved short-term and long-term outcome in cardiac arrest. However, considerable controversy exists over the mechanisms involved in driving blood flow. The aim of this systematic review is to elucidate major mechanisms involved in effective compression-mediated blood flow during adult cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Systematic review of studies identified from the bibliographic databases of PubMed/Medline, Cochrane, and Scopus. All human and animal studies including information on the responsible mechanisms of compression-related blood flow. Two reviewers (MG, TX) independently screened all potentially relevant titles and abstracts for eligibility, by using a standardized data-worksheet. Forty seven studies met the inclusion criteria. Because of the heterogeneity in outcome measures, quantitative synthesis of evidence was not feasible. Evidence was critically synthesized in order to answer the review questions, taking into account study heterogeneity and validity. The number of included studies per category is as follows: blood flow during chest compression, nine studies; blood flow during chest decompression, six studies; effect of chest compressi...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

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Ventricular Fibrillation
Cerebral Blood Flow Imaging
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Electric Impedance
Blood Flow Velocity
Mitral Valve
Left Ventricular Structure
Venous Blood Pressure
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