Systemic antibody-oligonucleotide delivery to the central nervous system ameliorates mouse models of spinal muscular atrophy

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Suzan M HammondC. Webster

Abstract

Antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) have emerged as one of the most innovative new genetic drug modalities, however, the high molecular weight limits their bioavailability for otherwise treatable neurological disorders. We investigated conjugation of ASOs to an antibody against the murine transferrin receptor (TfR), 8D3130, and evaluated it via systemic administration in mouse models of the neurodegenerative disease, spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). SMA like several other neurological and neuromuscular diseases, is treatable with single-stranded ASOs, inducing splice modulation of the survival motor neuron 2 (SMN2) gene. Administration of 8D3130-ASO conjugate resulted in bioavailability of 2.7% of the injected dose in brain. Additionally, 8D3130-ASO yielded therapeutically high levels of SMN2 splicing in the central nervous system of mildly affected adult SMA mice and resulted in extended survival of severe SMA mice. Systemic delivery of nucleic acid therapies with brain targeting antibodies offers powerful translational potential for future treatments of neuromuscular and neurodegenerative diseases.

Methods Mentioned

BETA
ELISAs
transgenic
SMA
sandwich immunoassay
size exclusion chromatography
ELISA

Software Mentioned

Image StudioTM
Fluoview
GraphPad Prism
GraphPad

Related Concepts

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Antisense Oligonucleotides: ND

This feed focuses on antisense oligonucleotide therapies such as Inotersen, Nusinursen, and Patisiran, in neurodegenerative diseases including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

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