Nov 4, 2018

Systems approaches provide new insights into Arabidopsis thaliana root growth under mineral nutrient limitation

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Nadia BouainHatem Rouached

Abstract

The molecular genetic mechanisms by which plants modulate their root growth rate (RGR) in response to nutrient deficiency are largely unknown. Using a panel of Arabidopsis thaliana natural accessions, we provide a comprehensive combinatorial analysis of RGR variation under macro- and micronutrient deficiency, namely phosphorus (P), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn), which affect root growth in opposite directions. We found that while -P stimulates early RGR of most accessions, -Fe or -Zn reduces it. The combination of either -P-Fe or -P-Zn leads to suppression of the growth inhibition exerted by -Fe or -Zn alone. Surprisingly, Arabidopsis reference accession Columbia (Col-0) is not representative of the species under -P and -Zn. Using a genome wide association study, we identify candidate genes that control RGR under the assayed nutrient deficiency conditions. By using a network biology driven search using these candidate genes, we further identify a functional module enriched in regulation of cell cycle, DNA replication and chromatin modification that possibly underlies the suppression of root growth reduction in -P-Fe conditions. Collectively, our findings provide a framework for understanding the regulation of RGR under nutrient defi...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Study
Exertion
Genome
Genes
Arabidopsis
Regulation of Biological Process
Candidate Disease Gene
Phosphorus
Opposite

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