Mar 17, 2020

Systems Genetics of Optic Nerve Axon Necrosis During Glaucoma

Frontiers in Genetics
Andrew B StiemkeMonica M Jablonski

Abstract

In this study, we identify genomic regions that modulate the number of necrotic axons in optic nerves of a family of mice, some of which have severe glaucoma, and define a set of high priority positional candidate genes that modulate retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axonal degeneration. A large cohort of the BXD family were aged to greater than 13 months of age. Optic nerves from 74 strains and the DBA/2J (D2) parent were harvested, sectioned, and stained with p-phenylenediamine. Numbers of necrotic axons per optic nerve cross-section were counted from 1 to 10 replicates per genotype. Strain means and standard errors were uploaded into GeneNetwork 2 for mapping and systems genetics analyses (Trait 18614). The number of necrotic axons per nerve ranged from only a few hundred to more than 4,000. Using conventional interval mapping as well as linear mixed model mapping, we identified a single locus on chromosome 12 between 109 and 112.5 Mb with a likelihood ratio statistic (LRS) of ~18.5 (p genome-wide ~0.1). Axon necrosis is not linked to locations of major known glaucoma genes in this family, including Gpnmb, Tyrp1, Cdh11, Pou6f2, and Cacna2d1. This indicates that although these genes contribute to pigmentary dispersion or elevated I...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

APOPT1
Anemia, Diamond-Blackfan
POU6F2 gene
TYRP1 protein, human
Glaucoma
Multifaceted
Integral Membrane Proteins
Modulated
Necrosis
Protein Translation Pathway

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