T cell immunity in connective tissue disease patients targets the RNA binding domain of the U1-70kDa small nuclear ribonucleoprotein
Although the T cell dependence of autoimmune responses in connective tissue diseases has been well established, limited information exists regarding the T cell targeting of self Ags in humans. To characterize the T cell response to a connective tissue disease-associated autoantigen, this study generated T cell clones from patients using a set of peptides encompassing the entire linear sequence of the 70-kDa subunit of U1 snRNP (U1-70kDa) small nuclear ribonucleoprotein. Despite the ability of U1-70kDa to undergo multiple forms of Ag modification that have been correlated with distinct clinical disease phenotypes, a remarkably limited and consistent pattern of T cell targeting of U1-70kDa was observed. All tested T cell clones generated against U1-70kDa were specific for epitopes within the RNA binding domain (RBD) of the protein. High avidity binding of the RBD with U1-RNA was preserved with the disease-associated modified forms of U1-70kDa tested. The high avidity interaction between the U1-RBD on the polypeptide and U1-RNA may be critical in immune targeting of this region in autoimmunity. The T cell autoimmune response to U1-70kDa appears to have less diversity than is seen in the humoral response; and therefore, may be a fa...Continue Reading
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CD4+ T cells target epitopes residing within the RNA-binding domain of the U1-70-kDa small nuclear ribonucleoprotein autoantigen and have restricted TCR diversity in an HLA-DR4-transgenic murine model of mixed connective tissue disease.
Bioinformatics in Biomedicine
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Autoimmune diseases occur as a result of an attack by the immune system on the body’s own tissues resulting in damage and dysfunction. There are different types of autoimmune diseases, in which there is a complex and unknown interaction between genetics and the environment. Discover the latest research on autoimmune diseases here.