Tamoxifen for the prevention of unscheduled bleeding in new users of the levonorgestrel 52-mg intrauterine system: a randomized controlled trial

Megan A CohenJeffrey T Jensen


To determine if a course of oral tamoxifen initiated following placement of a levonorgestrel 52-mg intrauterine system (IUS) reduces bleeding/spotting days over 30 days. In this single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we recruited women ages 15-45 years initiating the levonorgestrel 52-mg IUS. We randomized eligible women to tamoxifen 10 mg or placebo twice daily for 7 days starting 21 days after levonorgestrel 52-mg IUS insertion. Participants tracked bleeding/spotting days via daily electronic diaries for 30 days after starting drug treatment. We assessed participant satisfaction with their bleeding pattern and the IUS using a visual analog scale (0-100 mm). A sample size of 42 provided 80% power to detect a difference of 7 bleeding/spotting days in 30 days by two-sample t test, accounting for an expected 20% dropout rate. From September 2016 to January 2018, 42 women enrolled. A total of 34 women provided complete bleeding/spotting data, and 30 women provided satisfaction data. Mean bleeding/spotting days over 30 days did not differ between tamoxifen (12.0±5.8 days) and placebo users (16.8±9.0 days), p=.08. We found no significant differences in mean satisfaction with bleeding profiles (51 mm tamoxifen vs. 59 ...Continue Reading


Nov 30, 2019·International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics : the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics·Mariana FavaLuis Bahamondes
Aug 8, 2020·The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care : the Official Journal of the European Society of Contraception·P A H H van der HeijdenM Y Bongers
Jul 22, 2020·Current Opinion in Pediatrics·Alexandra J EdwardsSarah Pitts
Sep 6, 2020·Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology·Andrea Henkel, Lisa M Goldthwaite

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.