DOI: 10.1101/496562Dec 13, 2018Paper

Target-detecting neurons in the dragonfly lock on to selectively attended targets

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Benjamin H LancerSteven D. Wiederman

Abstract

The visual world projects a complex and rapidly changing image on to the retina, presenting a computational challenge for any animal relying on vision for an accurate view of the world. One such challenge is parsing a visual scene for the most salient targets, such as the selection of prey amidst a swarm. The ability to selectivity prioritize processing of some stimuli over others is known as selective attention. Previously, we identified a dragonfly visual neuron called Centrifugal Small Target Motion Detector 1 (CSTMD1) that exhibits selective attention when presented with multiple, equally salient features. Here we conducted electrophysiological recordings from CSTMD1 neurons in vivo, whilst presenting visual stimuli on a monitor display. To identify the target selected in any given trial, we modulated the intensity of moving targets, each with a unique frequency (frequency-tagging). We find that the frequency information of the selected stimulus is preserved in the neuronal response, whilst the distracter is completely ignored. We show that the competitive system that underlies selection in this neuron can be biased by the presentation of a preceding target on the same trajectory, even when it is of lower contrast to the di...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Attention
Centrifugation
Clinical Trials
Neurons
Retina
Vision
Small Neuron
Monitoring - Action
Small Molecule
Computed (Procedure)

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