Aug 16, 2001

Targeted integration of foreign DNA into a defined locus on chromosome 19 in K562 cells using AAV-derived components

International Journal of Hematology
Katsuhiro KogureKeiya Ozawa


Targeted integration of foreign DNA is ideal for gene therapy, particularly when target cells such as hematopoietic cells actively divide and proliferate. Adeno-associated virus (AAV) has been shown to integrate its genome into a defined locus, AAVS1 (19q13.3-qter). The inverted terminal repeat (ITR) and Rep proteins are responsible for this site-specific integration, and a system has been developed that delivers a gene preferentially into AAVS1 by using these components of AAV. We examined whether this system could be applied to gene transfer into K562 cells. Two rep expression plasmids were tested, 1 driven by the cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter (pCMVR78) and the other under the translational control of an internal ribosome entry site (pMGiR78) with mouse mammary tumor virus promoter. K562 cells were cotransfected with a rep plasmid and a plasmid containing a neo gene flanked by the ITRs. G418-resistant clones were isolated and analyzed by Southern blot analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Southern blot analysis suggested AAVS1-specific integration of the neo gene in 6 (35%) of 17 clones when K562 cells were transfected with pMGiR78 by lipofection. FISH located the neo gene on chromosome 19 in 5 of these 6 c...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Fluorescent in Situ Hybridization
Shuttle Vectors
Integration, Provirus
Colony-Forming Units, Hematopoietic
Virus Diseases
Adeno-Associated Virus
DNA, Viral

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.