Sep 27, 2019

Targeted SLC19A3 gene sequencing of 3000 Saudi newborn: a pilot study toward newborn screening

Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Majid AlfadhelBrahim Tabarki

Abstract

Biotin-thiamine-responsive basal ganglia disease (BTBGD) is an autosomal recessive neurometabolic disorder mostly presented in children. The disorder is described as having subacute encephalopathy with confusion, dystonia, and dysarthria triggered by febrile illness that leads to neuroregression and death if untreated. Using biotin and thiamine at an early stage of the disease can lead to significant improvement. BTBGD is a treatable disease if diagnosed at an early age and has been frequently reported in Saudi population. Keeping this in mind, the current study screened 3000 Saudi newborns for the SLC19A3 gene mutations using target sequencing, aiming to determine the carrier frequency in Saudi Population and whether BTBGD is a good candidate to be included in the newborn-screened disorders. Using targeted gene sequencing, DNA from 3000 newborns Saudi was screened for the SLC19A3 gene mutations using standard methods. Screening of the SLC19A3 gene revealed a previously reported heterozygous missense mutation (c.1264A>G (p.Thr422Ala) in six unrelated newborns. No probands having homozygous pathogenic mutations were found in the studied cohort. The variant has been frequently reported previously in homozygous state in Saudi popu...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
SLC19A3
Cessation of Life
Pilot Projects
Nucleic Acid Sequencing
Leigh Disease
Biotin
Genome Sequencing
Confusion
Basal Ganglia Disease, Biotin-responsive

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