PMID: 11073867Nov 14, 2000

Task-specific repetition priming in left inferior prefrontal cortex

Cerebral Cortex
A D WagnerR L Buckner

Abstract

Previous neuroimaging studies have shown that activation in left inferior prefrontal cortices (LIPC) is reduced during repeated (primed) relative to initial (unprimed) stimulus processing. These reductions in anterior (approximately BA 45/47) and posterior (approximately BA 44/6) LIPC activation have been interpreted as reflecting implicit memory for initial semantic or phonological processing. However, prior studies do not unambiguously indicate that LIPC priming effects are specific to the recapitulation of higher-level (semantic and/or phonological), rather than lower-level (perceptual), processes. Moreover, no prior study has shown that the patterns of priming in anterior and posterior LIPC regions are dissociable. To address these issues, the present fMRI study examined the nature of priming in LIPC by examining the task-specificity of these effects. Participants initially processed words in either a semantic or a nonsemantic manner. Subsequently, participants were scanned while they made semantic decisions about words that had been previously processed in a semantic manner (within-task repetition), words that had been previously processed in a nonsemantic manner (across-task repetition), and words that had not been previo...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Prefrontal Cortex
Hemispheric Specialization
Aphasia, Broca
LIPC gene
FMRI
Neuroimaging
Facilitation
Prefrontal Cortex (Walker)
Magnetization Transfer Contrast Imaging
Posterior Pituitary Disease

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