Annulohypoxylon sp. strain MUS1, an Endophyte isolated from Taxus wallichiana Zucc. produces Taxol and Other Bioactive Metabolites

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Dhurva Prasad GauchanM. R. Garcia Gil

Abstract

Endophytes are microbial colonizers that reside in plants by symbiotic association produces several biological classes of natural products. The current study focuses on the isolation and characterization of bioactive compounds produced by endophytic fungi isolated from the Himalayan yew (Taxus wallichiana) collected from the Mustang district of Nepal. The plant materials were collected from the Lower-Mustang region in the month of October 2016 and the endophytic fungi were isolated on artificial media from inner tissues of bark and needles. Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity, along with total phenolic- and flavonoid-content assays, were used in the evaluation of bioactivity of the fermented crude extracts along with the in vitro ability of the endophytes to produce the anticancer compound Taxol was analyzed. A total of 16 fungal morphotypes were obtained from asymptomatic inner tissues of the bark and needles of T. wallichiana. Among the 16 isolates, the ethyl acetate (EA) fraction of isolate MUS1, showed antibacterial and antifungal activity against all test-pathogens used, with significant inhibition against Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 (MIC: 250 g/ml) and the pathogenic yeast, Candida albicans (MIC: 125 g/ml). Antio...Continue Reading

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