Technical note: Different techniques, different results--a comparison of photogrammetric and caliper-derived measurements

American Journal of Physical Anthropology
D J ShanerO B Beattie


The primary goal of our study was to compare photogrammetric measurements with caliper-derived measurements. We also looked at the difference between caliper-derived measurements that were taken with and without the landmarks marked. Thirteen facial measurements were repeated ten times on two adult subjects as follows: 1) Calipers were used to take the measurements before the landmarks were marked on each subject's face; 2) the landmarks were then marked with a black pencil, and the calipers were used to take the measurements again; and 3) images were taken of each subject with the markings left on the face, and the measurements were extracted from these images. Compared with the caliper-derived data taken with the landmarks marked, the photogrammetric means and standard deviations were typically larger, leading us to conclude that there was a systematic difference between the data. The generally greater variation in the photogrammetric measurements was ascribed to poor conditions, such as shadows, oblique markings, and unmarked landmarks. When the data gathered by caliper with and without the landmarks marked were compared, a systematic difference was suggested by the number of statistically significant t-test probabilities. M...Continue Reading


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