PMID: 45589Mar 1, 1977

Teichoic acids of group D streptococci with special reference to strains from pig meningitis (Streptococcus suis)

The Journal of Experimental Medicine
S D ElliottR C Lancefield

Abstract

Immunoelectrophoresis revealed in phenol extracts from S. faecalis and S. faecium a mixture of free and lipid-bound teichoic acids, both reactive with Group D antisera. In phenol extracts from S. suis only lipid-bound teichoic acid, also reactive with Group D antiserum, was seen. This difference probably accounts for the low yield of Group D antigen from S. suis as compared with S. faecalis and S. faecium when heating at pH 2 is used for extraction. When phenol is used good yields are obtained from S. suis as well as from S. faecalis and S. faecium. Lipoteichoic acids from S. faecalis and S. faecium have a backbone structure the same as or similar to that of Group A streptococcal teichoic acid. Lipoteichoic acid from S. suis has a structure differing from that of S. faecalis and S. faecium, e.g., possibly in the attachment of its glucosyl substituents. Precipitation reactions between S. suis lipoteichoic acid and Group D antisera were specifically inhibited by glucose. Reactions between S. bovis phenol extracts and some Group D antisera were also specifically inhibited by glucose, but extracts from S. faecalis and S. faecium were not. This may indicate a monosaccharide glucosyl substituent in teichoic acid from S. suis and S. b...Continue Reading

References

May 1, 1960·The Journal of Experimental Medicine·S D Elliott
May 1, 1963·Journal of General Microbiology·A J WICKENJ BADDILEY
Aug 1, 1964·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·M MCCARTY
Sep 1, 1962·Journal of General Microbiology·T F MEDREK, E M BARNES
Mar 31, 1933·The Journal of Experimental Medicine·R C Lancefield
Aug 1, 1943·The Journal of Experimental Medicine·H F SwiftR C Lancefield

Citations

Dec 1, 1984·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology·C L Harvey, M B McIllmurray
Aug 1, 1984·Veterinary Research Communications·F Clifton-Hadley
Jan 1, 1992·Veterinary Microbiology·Marcelo GottschalkD Dubreuil
Jul 1, 1993·Veterinary Microbiology·N ChanterT J Alexander
Jul 1, 1995·Veterinary Microbiology·S I SalasiaG Herrmann
Aug 1, 1980·The Journal of Hygiene·P F Unsworth
Dec 1, 1978·The Journal of Experimental Medicine·S D Elliott, J Y Tai
Jun 9, 2005·The Journal of Experimental Medicine·Emil C Gotschlich, Vincent A Fischetti
Oct 1, 1994·Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin. Reihe B. Journal of veterinary medicine. Series B·I W Wibawan, C Lämmler
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May 14, 2008·Infection and Immunity·Nahuel FittipaldiMarcelo Gottschalk
Jul 16, 2002·Infection and Immunity·Mariela Segura, Marcelo Gottschalk
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Related Concepts

Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Immune Sera
Pachymeningitis
Phenols
Streptococcal Infections
Enterococcus faecalis
Teichoic Acids
Enterococcus faecium
Streptococcus bovis
Streptococcus suis (bacteria)

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