Temperature and acid-base status of human blood at constant and variable total CO2 content

Respiration Physiology
M Castaing, J J Pocidalo


The influence of temperature on the acid-base status of normal human blood was studied in closed systems (constant CCO2) and open systems (variable CCO2). pH-T coefficients of true plasma and erythrocytes in closed systems were similar to coefficients for water (dpH/dT = -0.017 U/degrees C at 25 degrees C). Between 26 degrees C and 42 degrees C there was no significant variation in the relative alkalinities [OH-]/[H+], the charge state of proteins in plasma and erythrocytes or the proton Donnan ration. The equations established enabled calculation of the pH of true plasma and erythrocytes and of blood PCO2 and temperature, using only one of these four parameters. Under open-system conditions, temperature was shown to cause a rise in the apparent buffer power of whole blood non-bicarbonate systems (28.8 and 34.8 mM.l-1.u-1 at 26 degrees C and 42 degrees C respectively). These results show (1) that erythrocytes in closed systems seem very well able to maintain proton distribution regardless of temperature fluctuations and (2) when blood temperature rises, it cannot be excluded that vital organs are better protected against respiratory disturbances.


Jul 1, 1980·Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology·M Castaing, M Sinet
Nov 1, 1982·Archives internationales de physiologie et de biochimie·M CastaingJ J Pocidalo


Jun 1, 1973·Respiration Physiology·R F Burton
Dec 1, 1968·Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry·P RispensW G Zijlstra
Jan 1, 1962·Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation·O S ANDERSEN

Related Concepts

Anion Gap
Carbon Dioxide
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
In Vitro [Publication Type]

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.