Temperature-dependent Henry's Law constants of 4-alkyl branched-chain fatty acids and 3-methylindole in an oil-air matrix and analysis of volatiles in lamb fat using selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry

Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry : RCM
Hardy Z CastadaMacdonald Wick

Abstract

4-Alkyl branched-chain fatty acids and 3-methylindole are characteristic flavor compounds associated with sheep meat. Determining their partitioning behavior between the gas and condensed phase and ultimately developing a correlation between the compound's headspace concentration and sensory descriptive grouping are important for high-throughput characterization and grading classification. The headspace concentrations of 3-methylindole, 4-methyloctanoic acid, 4-ethyl-octanoic acid, and 4-methylnonanoic acid above corn-oil-based standard solutions and lamb fat samples were measured using selected ion flow tube-mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS). The standard solutions were equilibrated at 80, 100, 110 and 125°C while the fat samples were equilibrated at 125°C. Statistical evaluation, linear and polynomial regression analyses were performed to establish the compound-specific and temperature-dependent Henry's Law constants, enthalpy (ΔH) and entropy (ΔS) of phase changes. The Henry's Law constants (kHcp ) were calculated from the regression analysis with a high degree of confidence (p < 0.05) and linearity (r2  > 0.99). The kHcp increased with increase in equilibrium temperature. The empirical calculation of ΔH and ΔS at different temper...Continue Reading

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