Temperature-induced interconversion of alpha-and beta-adrenoceptors in the frog heart

The Journal of Physiology
G Kunos, M Nickerson


1. The effect of ambient temperature on the properties of adrenoceptors mediating inotropic responses was assessed in isolated frog hearts on the basis of the effects and tissue uptake of alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor antagonists. 2. At temperatures of 23degree C and above inotropic responses to adrenaline were antagonized by propranolol (0-4-4-0muM), but were unaffected by phentolamine (26-5muM) and were potentiated by phenoxybenzamine (POB) (0-7-29-5muM). Below 17degree C the activity of propranolol was reduced at least tenfold, and the alpha-adrenoceptor antagonists inhibited responses to both adrenaline and isoprenaline, but not those to CaCL2. 3. The responses of hearts exposed to POB at 14degree C and then tested, after thorough washing, at both 14 and 24degree C were similarly inhibited at both temperatures, i.e. the usual beta-adrenoceptor response did not appear at the higher temperature. Conversely, exposure to POB at 24degree C produced only potentiation at both test temperatures. 4. Parallel to the reciprocal changes in their blocking actions, significantly more (14C)propranolol was retained by hearts exposed at high temperatures and significantly more (3H)POB was bound to the myocardium at low temperatures. Changes ...Continue Reading


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