Dec 1, 1990

Temperature modulation of ischemic neuronal death and inhibition of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II in gerbils

Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
S B ChurnR J DeLorenzo

Abstract

We used brief bilateral carotid artery occlusion in gerbils to examine the effects of temperature on ischemia-induced inhibition of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II activity and neuronal death. In normothermic (36 degrees C) gerbils, ischemia induced a severe loss of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons measured 7 days after ischemia (28.4 neurons/mm, n = 10; control density in 10 naive gerbils 262.1 neurons/mm) and a significant decrease in forebrain calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II autophosphorylation measured 2 hours after ischemia (12.9 fmol/min, n = 6; control phosphorylation in six naive gerbils 23.5 fmol/min). The effect of temperature on these indicators of ischemic damage was examined by adjusting intracerebral temperature before and during the ischemic insult. Hyperthermic (39 degrees C) gerbils showed almost complete loss of neurons in the CA1 region (3.0 neurons/mm, n = 11) and extension of neuronal death into the CA2, CA3, and CA4 regions. In addition, hyperthermia exacerbated ischemia-induced inhibition of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II activity (4.2 fmol/min, n = 6). Hypothermia (32 degrees C) protected against ischemia-induced CA1 pyramidal cell damage (257.0 neurons/mm, ...Continue Reading

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  • Citations98

Mentioned in this Paper

Ischemia
Psammomys
CaM-BP(80)
Neurons
Brain
Cessation of Life
Brain Damage, Chronic
Hypothermia, Natural
Cell Survival
Caldesmon (77)

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