Apr 1, 1975

Temperature-sensitive host range mutants of herpes simplex virus type 2

Journal of Virology
R W Koment, F Rapp


Herpesviruses are capable of several types of infection of a host cell. To investigate the early events which ultimately determine the nature of the virus-host cell interaction, a system was established utilizing temperature-sensitive mutants of herpes simplex virus type 2. Four mutants have been isolated which fail to induce cytopathic effects and do not replicate at 39 C in hamster embryo fibroblast cells. At least one mutant is virus DNA negative. Since intracellular complementation is detectable between pairs of mutants, a virus function is known to be temperature sensitive. However, all four mutants induce cytopathic effects and replicate to parental virus levels in rabbit kidney cells at 39 C. This suggests that a host cell function, lacking or nonfunctional in HEF cells but present in rabbit kidney cells at 39 C, is required for the replication of these mutants in hamster embryo fibroblasts cells at 39 C. Therefore, we conclude that these mutants are both temperature sensitive and exhibit host range properties.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
Entire Embryo
Human Herpesvirus 2
Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral
DNA, Viral
Virus Replication
Neonatal Herpes
Bacteriophage Plaque Assay

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