Apr 13, 2020

Keeping the kids at home can limit the persistence of contagious pathogens in social animals

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
L. MarescotS. Kramer-Schadt

Abstract

In social species where offspring are reared together in communal burrows or similar structures, young animals typically do not engage in between-group contact during their development, a behavioural trait we call offspring with restricted between-group contact (ORC). The impact of this trait on the persistence of contagious pathogens that generate lifelong immunity in their hosts is currently unclear. We hypothesize that in populations with ORC, the formation, in groups, of a protective barrier of only recovered adults, prevents the transmission of this type of pathogens to the new susceptible hosts (i.e. young animals), thereby increasing the probability of epidemic fade-out. We implement a spatially implicit individual-based Susceptible-Infected-Recovered (SIR) model for a large range of host and pathogen traits and show that the epidemic fade-out probability is consistently higher in populations with ORC, especially when disease spread is fast (high basic reproduction number R0). We also show that ORC can counteract the cost of group-living in terms of disease risk to a greater extent than variation in other traits. We discuss our findings in relation to herd immunity and outline how they could be used to implement efficien...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Adaptive Design
Genome
Environment
Gene Deletion
Adaptation
2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidine-N-oxide
Analysis
Escherichia coli
Tempo brand of antacid Reformulated Feb 2009
Orientation (spatial)

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