Temporal and demographic blood parasite dynamics in two free-ranging neotropical primates

International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
Gideon A ErkenswickPatricia G Parker

Abstract

Parasite-host relationships are influenced by several factors intrinsic to hosts, such as social standing, group membership, sex, and age. However, in wild populations, temporal variation in parasite distributions and concomitant infections can alter these patterns. We used microscropy and molecular methods to screen for naturally occurring haemoparasitic infections in two Neotropical primate host populations, the saddleback (Leontocebus weddelli) and emperor (Saguinus imperator) tamarin, in the lowland tropical rainforests of southeastern Peru. Repeat sampling was conducted from known individuals over a three-year period to test for parasite-host and parasite-parasite associations. Three parasites were detected in L. weddelli including Trypanosoma minasense, Mansonella mariae, and Dipetalonema spp., while S. imperator only hosted the latter two. Temporal variation in prevalence was observed in T. minasense and Dipetalonema spp., confirming the necessity of a multi-year study to evaluate parasite-host relationships in this system. Although callitrichids display a distinct reproductive dominance hierarchy, characterized by single breeding females that typically mate polyandrously and can suppress the reproduction of subdominant ...Continue Reading

References

Aug 26, 2010·The Journal of Animal Ecology·Daniel M TompkinsSandra Telfer
Jul 18, 2012·PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases·Yvonne QvarnstromAlexandre J da Silva
Mar 4, 2014·PloS One·Samuel M ThumbiMark E J Woolhouse

Citations

Nov 7, 2019·American Journal of Primatology·Gideon A ErkenswickPatricia G Parker

Methods Mentioned

BETA
light microscopy
PCR

Related Concepts

Breeding
Dipetalonema
Juvenile Hormones
Parasites
Primates
Reproduction
Saguinus
Coinfection
Wild bird
Patterns

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