Nov 13, 1975

Terrestrial vertebrates of the New Hebrides: origin and distribution

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
L Medway, A G Marshall

Abstract

The known terrestrial vertebrate fauna of the New Hebrides consists of 16 species of mammals (excluding feral domestic stock), 61 species of resident land- and freshwater birds, 20 species of reptiles and one amphibian. Of these, three, five, four and one species respectively have apparently been introduced by man. The non-introduced fauna is clearly Indo-Australian in origin, but some species have an exclusively Pacific island distribution and others (two bats, seven birds, and four lizards) are endemic. On the six islands visited 95 out of the possible 98 vertebrate species occur. Santo, the largest and most northerly island, supports the richest fauna. The comparative impoverishment of more southerly islands is not directly attributable to the progressive increase in isolation and distance from presumptive source area, nor to decrease in island area or maximum height.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Vertebrates
Amphibians
Indonesia Zebrafish
IDO1 gene
Lizards
Aves
Bionomics
Anahita fauna
Indomethacin
Species

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