Testing candidate genes for non-syndromic oral clefts using a case-parent trio design

Genetic Epidemiology
Terri H BeatyI McIntosh

Abstract

Markers in five candidate genes were examined on 269 case-parent trios ascertained through a child with an isolated, non-syndromic oral cleft (cleft lip, CL; cleft palate, CP; or cleft lip and palate, CLP). Cases and their parents were ascertained through treatment centers in Maryland. Markers at two of the five candidate genes, transforming growth factor beta3 (TGFbeta3) and MSX1, showed consistent evidence of linkage and disequilibrium due to linkage using several statistical tests (e.g., the global chi-square for TGFbeta3 was 21.1 with 12 df, P = 0.03; that for MSX1 was 8.7 with 3 df, P = 0.03). There was little evidence of heterogeneity in the role of TGFbeta3 between different types of oral clefts, but MSX1 did yield marginal evidence for such heterogeneity. MSX1 also showed evidence for interaction between infant's genotype and maternal smoking, giving a likelihood ratio test for heterogeneity between smoker and non-smoker mothers of 7.16 (2 df, P = 0.03). Using a conditional logistic model to test for gene-gene interaction showed no evidence of interaction between TGFbeta3 and MSX1, with both seeming to contribute independently to risk of isolated, non-syndromic oral clefts.

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Related Concepts

Alleles
Cleft Lip
Cleft Palate, Isolated
Genetic Markers
Son
Transcription Factor
Linkage Disequilibrium
Logistic Regression
Nested Case-Control Studies
Transforming Growth Factor beta

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