Apr 14, 2020

A Live Attenuated Vaccine Model Confers Cross-Protective Immunity Against Different Species of Leptospira spp.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Elsio WunderA. Ko

Abstract

Leptospirosis is the leading zoonotic disease in terms of morbidity and mortality worldwide with a great health and economic impact in both humans and animals. Effective prevention is urgently needed as rapid urbanization, climate change and drivers of disease transmission continue to intensify. The key challenge has been developing a widely-applicable vaccine that protects against the 13 different pathogenic species and >300 serovars that can cause leptospirosis, providing a major public health benefit and opportunity to leverage One Health approaches. Live attenuated mutants that can boost immunity and induce protection are enticing vaccine candidates and poorly explored in the field. We evaluated a recently characterized motility-deficient mutant lacking the expression of a flagellar protein, FcpA. Although the fcpA- mutant has lost its ability to penetrate mucous membranes and cause disease, a transient bacteremia prior to clearance by the host immune response was observed. In two animal models, immunization with a single dose of the fcpA- mutant was sufficient to induce robust anti-protein antibodies response that promoted protection against infection with different Leptospira spp. species. Furthermore, characterization of...Continue Reading

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