Nov 2, 2018

Tfap2a is a novel gatekeeper of differentiation in renal progenitors during kidney development

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Brooke E. ChambersRebecca A. Wingert

Abstract

Renal functional units known as nephrons undergo patterning events during development that create a segmental array of cellular populations with discrete physiological tasks. Knowledge about the terminal differentiation programs of each nephron segment has central importance for understanding kidney disease and to advance regenerative medicine, as mammalian nephrons grown in organoid cultures from pluripotent cells fail to terminally differentiate. Here, from a novel forward genetic screen using zebrafish we report the discovery that transcription factor AP-2 alpha (tfap2a) coordinates a gene regulatory network that controls the progression of nephron distal segment progenitors into the differentiated state. Overexpression of tfap2a rescued differentiation in mutants and caused ectopic expression of distal segment markers in wild-type nephrons, indicating tfap2a is sufficient to instigate the distal segment differentiation program. tfap2a/2b deficiency exacerbated distal nephron segment differentiation defects, revealing functional redundancy where tfap2a has a dominant role upstream of its family member. With further genetic studies, we assembled a blueprint of the tfap2a gene regulatory network during nephrogenesis. We demons...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Metabolic Process, Cellular
In Vivo
Biochemical Pathway
Conserved Sequence
Regenerative Medicine
Epithelial Cell of Renal Tubule
Pluripotent Stem Cells
Genes
Transcription Factor AP-2 Beta

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