The ability of ddRAD-Seq to estimate genetic diversity and genetic introgression in endangered native livestock

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ayumi TezukaAtsushi J Nagano


Unplanned crossbreeding between a native livestock and a specific productive breed was one of the main reasons that caused the loss of valuable genetic resources in native livestock. To avoid further loss and damage of genetic resources in the native livestock, introgressed individuals should be distinguished to eliminate them by preventing any further employment in future mating plans. In general, the genetic diversity of native livestock had already decreased and mass elimination of introgressed individuals from the population endangers their existence. To solve this problem, high-resolution markers are required to discriminate between introgressed variation and native variation. Here, we applied ddRAD-Seq markers for native Japanese horse Taishu that has undergone recent genetic introgression. Genome-wide ddRAD-Seq markers can distinguish five breeds of native Japanese horses and Anglo-Arabian introgressed breeds. We found the signatures of genetic introgression of Anglo-Arabian at only two chromosomes; however, the signatures were separated in their genome suggesting that it might not be the cause of recent introgression. The genetic diversity of Taishu was less than other Japanese breeds and the decreasing genetic diversit...Continue Reading

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