Nov 1, 1981

The action on cellulose and its derivatives of a purified 1,4-beta-glucanase from Trichoderma koningii

The Biochemical Journal
G Halliwell, R Vincent

Abstract

The specific properties have been examined of the 1,4-beta-glucanase component of Trichoderma koningii that participates in an early and effective stage of random breakdown of native cellulose to short fibres. The enzyme was purified and freed from associated components of the cellulase complex (particularly beta-glucosidase) that interfere with, and complicate interpretation of, the action of such enzymes. Purification increased the specific activity 25-fold over culture filtrates; the enzyme hydrolysed CM-cellulose faster than the purified beta-glucosidase from the same organism hydrolysed any of its substrates (cellobiose or cellodextrins). The specificity of the glucanase was directed towards soluble derivatives of cellulose, CM-cellulose and cellodextrins, and not to insoluble cellulose or alpha-linked polymers. The approximate Km was 2.5 mg of CM-cellulose . ml-1 at 37 degrees C at the optimum pH, 5.5, where enzymic activity was maximal with 6--7 mg of CM-cellulose . ml-1 and inhibited by higher concentrations. The temperature optimum was 60 degrees C. The glucanase attacked larger cellodextrins (cellohexaose to cellotetraose, in that order) much more readily than smaller dextrins (cellobiose and cellotriose) and released...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Substrate Specificity
Dextrins
Hyphomycetes
Endoglucanase Y
Hydrolysis
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
MOGS
Cethylose
Sulfite Cellulose
Trichoderma

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