Nov 10, 1975

The active form of cytochrome P-450 from bovine adrenocortical mitochondria

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Y Takagi, M Shikita


Cytochrome P-450 from bovine adrenocortical mitochondria exists in three forms of molecular weight: 850,000 (protein 16), of one-half (protein 8), and of one-quarter of this value (protein 4). The forms of the enzyme are named according to the number of subunits and all appear to be active in converting cholesterol to 3beta-hydroxy-5-pregnen-20-one (side chain cleavage) (Shikita, M., and Hall, P.F. (1973) J. Biol. Chem. 248, 5606). To determine whether all three forms are active at their characteristic molecular weights, the three cytochromes were each layered onto separate sucrose density gradients and centrifuged at 49,000 rpm for 60 min; the gradients contained all the factors necessary for side chain cleavage including one of the following substrates: cholesterol, 20S-hydroxycholesterol, and 20S,22R-dihydroxycholesterol. Regardless of the form of P-450 layered onto the gradient and regardless of the substrate, enzyme activity (side chain cleavage) was observed only in fractions corresponding to a sedimentation coefficient of 20 to 22 S which is that for protein 16. No activity was observed at S values corresponding to either protein 8 or protein 4. These findings indicate that the active form of cytochrome P-450 from adreno...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Macromolecular Compounds
Centrifugation, Density Gradient
Cytochrome P450
Cytochrome a
Cytochrome P-450 Oxygenase
Enzyme Activity
Adrenal Glands
3 alpha-hydroxy-4-pregnen-20-one
Cholesterol Side-chain Cleavage Enzyme Activity

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