The acute effect of FK506 and cyclosporine on endothelial cell function and renal vascular resistance

A BenigniG Remuzzi


We have previously documented that cyclosporine exerts a direct cytotoxic effect on endothelial cells and causes an increase in renal vascular resistance (RVR) in the rat. In the present study we investigated whether FK506, a novel immunosuppressive agent thought to be less nephrotoxic than CsA, impairs endothelial cell function in vitro and affects RVR in vivo. In vitro eicosanoid release and endothelin release were measured in bovine aortic endothelial cells in culture exposed for 1, 6, and 24 hr to increasing concentrations of FK506 (1 nM to 10 microM) or CsA (0.5, 10 microM). No significant changes in TxB2 and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha (the stable breakdown products of TxA2 and PGI2, respectively) and endothelin release were found after 1 and 6 hr of incubation with all the concentrations of FK506 and CsA considered. FK506 did not affect endothelin release even after 24 hr of incubation. In contrast, cell exposure to CsA was associated with a dose-dependent increase in TxB2, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, and endothelin release that reached statistical significance after incubation with 10 microM CsA. FK506 did not induce cell detachment or lysis at any concentration and time considered, while 10 microM CsA induced a significant reduction in c...Continue Reading


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