The airways and anaesthesia II. Pathophysiology

Anaesthesia
D R Burwell, J G Jones

Abstract

We pointed out in the first of these two articles that the commonest cause of an anaesthetic disaster in young healthy patients is a loss of airway patency then a failure to intubate occurring unexpectedly in the absence of head or neck pathology. Upper airway obstruction is a very common complication of general anaesthesia and all anaesthetists must be trained in the management of this problem. Less obvious are the changes that can occur in the lower airways which can impair gas exchange by increasing ventilation-perfusion mismatch. This article is concerned with these pathophysiological changes that occur during general anaesthesia.

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Citations

Jun 9, 2010·Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management·Hiroshi ItoYosuke Suzuki
Oct 3, 2006·Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology·M Högman, G Hedenstierna

Related Concepts

Choking
General Anesthesia
Compression Pulmonary Atelectasis
Lobar Bronchus Structure
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Reflex Action
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Structure
General anesthetic drugs

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