PMID: 37936May 1, 1979

The alkaline transition of swine pepsinogen

Biophysical Chemistry
P McPhie


At alkaline pH, swine pepsinogen is reversibly inactivated in a transition which involves the cooperative release of two protons from the molecule and is governed by a pK = 9. Stopped flow kinetic studies on the absorbance changes accompanying this reaction show that it can be resolved into two steps, with increasing pH; a slow conformational change, whose amplitude follows the ionisation curve of one group of pK = 9.9, followed by a rapid pH dependent conformational change, linked to a group of pK = 8.2. The pH dependence of the rate of the slow step is interpreted to show the presence of a protonated group which cannot ionise in the neutral form of the zymogen, but is in slow equilibrium with a form where it titrates with a pK 6.8. At the same time, a histidine in the amino terminal region of the protein becomes reactive to diethyl pyrocarbonate, suggesting this to be the group which triggers the reaction.

Related Concepts

Diethyl Pyrocarbonate
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Pepsinogen B
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Protein Conformation
Family suidae

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