DOI: 10.1101/498774Dec 29, 2018Paper

The allotetraploid origin and asymmetrical genome evolution of common carp Cyprinus carpio

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Peng XuXiao-Wen Sun

Abstract

Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is an allotetraploid Cyprinid species derived from recent whole genome duplication and provides an excellent model system for studying polyploid genome evolution in vertebrates. To explore the origins and consequences of tetraploidy in C. carpio, we generated three chromosome-level new reference genomes of C. carpio and compared them to the related diploid Cyprinid genome sequences. We identified a progenitor-like diploid Barbinae lineage by analysing the phylogenetic relationship of the homoeologous genes of C. carpio and their orthologues in closely related diploid Cyprinids. We then characterized the allotetraploid origin of C. carpio and divided its genome into two homoeologous subgenomes that are marked by a distinct genome similarity to their diploid progenitor. On the basis of the divergence rates of homoeologous genes and transposable elements in two subgenomes, we estimated that the two diploid progenitor species diverged approximately 23 million years ago (Mya) and merged to form the allotetraploid C. carpio approximately 12.4 Mya, which likely correlated with environmental upheavals caused by the extensive uplift of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. No large-scale gene losses or rediploidizat...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Carrageenan
Chromosomes
Cyprinidae
DNA Transposable Elements
Environment
Biological Evolution
Gene Duplication
Gene Expression
Genes
Genome

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.