Dec 13, 1997

The antibacterial activity of topical anesthetics

Cornea
G S Mullin, R S Rubinfeld

Abstract

Topical anesthetics are commonly used prior to obtaining bacterial cultures in ulcerative keratitis. We performed an in vitro study designed to test both the bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects of commercially available preserved topical anesthetic agents. Proparacaine, tetracaine, cocaine, and sterile water solutions were applied to filter paper disks, which were then placed on Mueller-Hinton agar plates that had previously been inoculated with known quantities of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. After 24 h of incubation, zones of inhibition were measured and recorded. Proparacaine strongly inhibited the growth of S. aureus at all concentrations (0.5%, 0.25%, 0.125%) and inhibited growth of P. aeruginosa at 0.5% and 0.25% but not at 0.125% concentration. Tetracaine also inhibited S. aureus at 0.5% and inhibited P. aeruginosa at 0.5% and 0.25% concentrations. Cocaine exhibited no inhibition of S. aureus and exhibited mild inhibition of P. aeruginosa growth only at the 4% concentration. The in vitro antibacterial effect of topical anesthetics suggests one possible reason why bacterial culture yields in clinical ulcerative keratitis are suboptimal. We propose that clinicians consider the use of a 1% or 2% coc...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations30

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.

Mentioned in this Paper

Keratitis
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (antigen)
Proparacaine
Agar
Thylacodes aureus
Bacterial Keratitis
Pontocaine
Topical anesthetic
Cocaine
Styrax aureus

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.