Nov 18, 2019

The association between BOLD-based cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) and end-tidal CO2 in healthy subjects

NeuroImage
Xirui HouHanzhang Lu

Abstract

Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) mapping using CO2-inhalation can provide important insight into vascular health. At present, blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) MRI acquisition is the most commonly used CVR method due to its high sensitivity, high spatial resolution, and relatively straightforward processing. However, large variations in CVR across subjects and across different sessions of the same subject are often observed, which can cloud the ability of this promising measure in detecting diseases or monitoring treatment responses. The present work aims to identify the physiological components underlying the observed variability in CVR data. When studying the association between CVR value and the subject's CO2 levels in a total of N = 253 healthy participants, we found that CVR was lower in individuals with a higher basal end-tidal CO2, EtCO2 (slope = -0.0036 ± 0.0008%/mmHg2, p < 0.001), or with a greater EtCO2 change (ΔEtCO2) with hypercapnic condition (slope = -0.0072 ± 0.0018%/mmHg2, p < 0.001). In a within-subject setting, when studying the CVR difference between two repeated scans (with repositioning) in relation to the corresponding differences in basal EtCO2 and ΔEtCO2 (n = 11), it was found that CVR values were...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Research Subject
Spatial Distribution
Drug Monitoring
Inhalation Drug Administration
Participant
C2
Blood Oxygenator
Carbon Dioxide

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