The association between congenital heart disease and Down syndrome in prenatal life

Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology : the Official Journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
D PaladiniP Martinelli

Abstract

To assess the relationship between congenital heart disease (CHD) and Down syndrome (DS) in utero. Retrospective case series. Fifty-two fetuses with a cytogenetic diagnosis of DS managed at our Fetal Cardiology Unit in the study period. In particular, two populations of fetuses with DS were studied: a group of 41 DS fetuses referred to our unit for fetal echocardiography due to the chromosomal anomaly and a second group of 274 fetuses referred because of suspected CHD, 11 of which were found to have DS. All fetuses were submitted to detailed ultrasound evaluation of fetal anatomy. Associated extracardiac anomalies, and presence and type of CHD, were recorded for all fetuses. Karyotyping was obtained by means of cordocentesis or amniocentesis. Necropsy or neonatal echocardiograms were sought for confirmation of the prenatal diagnosis. In the group of 41 fetuses with known DS, the incidence of CHD was 56% ([atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) 44%, ventricular septal defect (VSD) 48%], the remainder having other heart defects). Conversely, considering the incidence of DS in fetuses with CHD, 43% of all AVSDs (53% of AVSD with normal visceral situs) were associated with DS, whereas none of the 39 cases of VSD was associated with ...Continue Reading

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