PMID: 12003161May 11, 2002

The association between daytime sleepiness and sleep-disordered breathing in NREM and REM sleep

Sleep
Naresh M PunjabiAlan R Schwartz

Abstract

Daytime sleepiness is common in patients with sleep-disordered breathing. Although respiratory events during sleep are associated with the occurrence of daytime sleepiness, the differential impact of these events during non-rapid eye movement (NREM) and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep on daytime sleepiness has not been well characterized. To determine the effect of respiratory events during REM sleep and NREM sleep on daytime sleepiness, as assessed by the multiple sleep latency test (MSLT). Cross-sectional study. University-based sleep disorders laboratory. Patients referred for polysomnography and daytime MSLT (n=1,821). N/A. The study sample was initially divided into quartiles based on the level of the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) during NREM sleep. Within the first NREM-AHI quartile (NREM-AHI < 8.3 events/hr), the association between REM-related respiratory events and daytime sleepiness was examined using the method of Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazards regression. After adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, and the duration of NREM and REM sleep, REM-AHI was not associated with daytime sleepiness (Relative Risk: 1.01; 95%CI: 0.94-1.10). Similarly, no significant association was observed between REM-AHI ...Continue Reading

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