Feb 7, 2001

The association of elevated urinary total to sulfated glycosaminoglycan ratio and high molecular mass hyaluronic acid with interstitial cystitis

The Journal of Urology
D C WeiV B Lokeshwar


A decrease in the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) layer on the urothelium is believed to be one of the possible causes of interstitial cystitis. Consequently, GAG-like substances and hyaluronic acid (HA) have been prescribed for treating this condition. To delineate the possible role of GAG and HA in the interstitial cystitis disease process, we compared the urinary levels of total GAGs (sulfated + non-sulfated), sulfated GAGs and HA in interstitial cystitis patients and normal controls. We also examined different HA species present in the urine of interstitial cystitis patients. The total GAG and sulfated GAG levels in urine specimens of normal individuals (n = 20) and interstitial cystitis patients (n = 25) were determined by utilizing the carbazole reaction assay and the Farndale method, respectively, and were expressed as microg./mg. creatinine. Urinary HA levels were measured by applying the HA test and were expressed as ng./mg. creatinine. Gel filtration column chromatography was used to examine the profile of urinary GAGs and HA species. Total urinary GAGs were 2.5 to 4-fold elevated in interstitial cystitis patients with moderate to severe symptoms (Group 2; 76.2 +/- 24.8) when compared with those in normal individuals (19.9 +/...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Hyaluronic Acid Test
Polysulfated glycosaminoglycan
Hyaluronic Acid

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