The association of increased levels of intermediate-density lipoproteins with smoking and with coronary artery disease

Circulation
G SteinerM E Poapst

Abstract

Studies were undertaken to determine whether there is an association between elevated levels of intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDL) (Sf 12-60 lipoproteins) and coronary artery disease. Forty-five to sixty-five-year-old men with objectively documented coronary artery disease (n = 58) who were free of known risk factors (diabetes, hypertension, obesity, hyperuricemia, and hypercholesterolemia) were compared with similar men who were free of coronary artery disease (n = 52). Smokers could not be excluded. The coronary artery disease group had a higher rate of cigarette smoking (NS, due to large variations); higher concentrations of triglycerides in their plasma (p = .003) and higher levels of very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) (p = .007), IDL (p = .016), and low-density lipoproteins (LDL) (p = .04); as well as somewhat lower levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (p = .04). Chi-squared analysis demonstrated a strong association between coronary artery disease and IDL apolipoprotein (apo) B (p = .006), coronary artery disease and IDL triglyceride (p = .032), and coronary artery disease and IDL apo B times IDL triglyceride (p = .006) when the top quintile of the population was compared with the bottom quintile fo...Continue Reading

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