Aug 17, 2017

The availability of pharmacies in the United States: 2007-2015

PloS One
Dima M QatoG Caleb Alexander

Abstract

Despite their increasingly important role in health care delivery, little is known about the availability, and characteristics, of community pharmacies in the United States. (1) To examine trends in the availability of community pharmacies and pharmacy characteristics (24-hour, drive-up, home delivery, e-prescribing, and multilingual staffing) associated with access to prescription medications in the U.S. between 2007 and 2015; and (2) to determine whether and how these patterns varied by pharmacy type (retail chains, independents, mass retailers, food stores, government and clinic-based) and across counties. Retrospective analysis using annual data from the National Council for Prescription Drug Programs. Pharmacy locations were mapped and linked to the several publically-available data to derive information on county-level population demographics, including annual estimates of total population, percent of population that is non-English speaking, percent with an ambulatory disability and percent aged ≥65 years. The key outcomes were availability of pharmacies (total number and per-capita) and pharmacy characteristics overall, by pharmacy type, and across counties. The number of community pharmacies increased by 6.3% from 63,75...Continue Reading

  • References20
  • Citations11

References

  • References20
  • Citations11

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Community Pharmacy Services
Homebound Persons
Patterns
Clinic
Food
Pharmacy Facility
Electronic Prescriptions
Persons
Prescription of Drug (Procedure)
Drug Prescriptions

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