Nov 24, 2001

The beneficial effect of basic life support on ventricular fibrillation mean frequency and coronary perfusion pressure

Resuscitation
Ulrich AchleitnerAnton Amann

Abstract

Chest compressions before initial defibrillation attempts have been shown to increase successful defibrillation. This animal study was designed to assess whether ventricular fibrillation mean frequency after 90 s of basic life support cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may be used as an indicator of coronary perfusion and mean arterial pressure during CPR. After 4 min of ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest in a porcine model, CPR was performed manually for 3 min. Mean ventricular fibrillation frequency and amplitude, together with coronary perfusion and mean arterial pressure were measured before initiation of chest compressions, and after 90 s and 3 min of basic life support CPR. Increases in fibrillation mean frequency correlated with increases in coronary perfusion and mean arterial pressure after both 90 s (R=0.77, P<0.0001, n=30; R=0.75, P<0.0001, n=30, respectively) and 3 min (R=0.61, P<0.001, n=30; R=0.78, P<0.0001, n=30, respectively) of basic life support CPR. Increases in fibrillation mean amplitude correlated with increases in mean arterial pressure after both 90 s (R=0.46, P<0.01; n=30) and 3 min (R=0.42, P<0.05, n=30) of CPR. Correlation between fibrillation mean amplitude and coronary perfusion pressure was n...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Coronary Circulation
Arterial Pulse Pressure
Ventricular Fibrillation
Log-Linear Models
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Fibrillation
Transcription Initiation
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Anterior Thoracic Region
Chest

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