Apr 15, 2020

The capacity of the ovarian cancer tumor microenvironment to integrate inflammation signaling conveys a shorter disease-free interval

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
K. R. JordanBenjamin G Bitler


Ovarian cancer has one of the highest deaths to incidence ratios across all cancers. Initial chemotherapy is typically effective, but most patients will develop chemo-resistant disease. Mechanisms driving clinical chemo-response and -resistance in ovarian cancer are not well understood. However, achieving optimal surgical cytoreduction improves survival, and cytoreduction is improved by neoadjuvant platinum/taxane-based chemotherapy (NACT). NACT offers a window to profile pre- versus post-therapy tumor specimens, which we used to identify chemotherapy-induced changes to the tumor microenvironment. We hypothesized changes in the immune microenvironment correlate with tumor chemo-response and disease progression. We obtained matched pre- and post-NACT archival tumor tissues from patients with high-grade serous ovarian cancer (patient n=6). We measured mRNA levels of 770 genes (NanoString) and performed reverse phase protein array (RPPA) on a subset of matched tumors. We examined cytokine levels in additional pre-NACT ascites samples (n=39) by multiplex ELISA. A tissue microarray with 128 annotated ovarian tumors expanded the transcriptional, RPPA, and cytokine data by multi-spectral immunohistochemistry. In NanoString analyses, t...Continue Reading

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Protein Binding
Genome Assembly Sequence
Protein-Protein Interaction
Binding (Molecular Function)
Protein Domain

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