Oct 7, 2010

The cargo-selective retromer complex is a recruiting hub for protein complexes that regulate endosomal tubule dynamics

Journal of Cell Science
Michael E HarbourMatthew N J Seaman


The retromer complex is required for the efficient endosome-to-Golgi retrieval of the CIMPR, sortilin, SORL1, wntless and other physiologically important membrane proteins. Retromer comprises two protein complexes that act together in endosome-to-Golgi retrieval; the cargo-selective complex is a trimer of VPS35, VPS29 and VPS26 that sorts cargo into tubules for retrieval to the Golgi. Tubules are produced by the oligomerization of sorting nexin dimers. Here, we report the identification of five endosomally-localised proteins that modulate tubule formation and are recruited to the membrane via interactions with the cargo-selective retromer complex. One of the retromer-interacting proteins, strumpellin, is mutated in hereditary spastic paraplegia, a progressive length-dependent axonopathy. Here, we show that strumpellin regulates endosomal tubules as part of a protein complex with three other proteins that include WASH1, an actin-nucleating promoting factor. Therefore, in addition to a direct role in endosome-to-Golgi retrieval, the cargo-selective retromer complex also acts as a platform for recruiting physiologically important proteins to endosomal membranes that regulate membrane tubule dynamics.

Mentioned in this Paper

WASH1 gene
Spastic Paraplegia, Hereditary
Tissue Membrane
Golgi Apparatus
KIAA0196 gene
Complex (molecular entity)
IGF2R wt Allele
Sorting Nexins
IGF2R gene

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