Jan 10, 2002

The causes of death in patients with malignant biliary obstruction treated by metallic stent and/or biliary drainage

Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
P YuR Zhai

Abstract

To analyze the causes of death in patients with malignant bile duct obstruction treated by metallic stent endoprosthesis and biliary drainage. One hundred and seven patients with malignant bile duct obstruction were so treated. Of the 107 patients, 12 (11.2%) died within 30 days after operation. The bile duct obstruction in the 12 cases was due to primary hepatic cancer(n = 4), metastasis of lymph nodes in hepatic hilus(n = 3) and bile duct cancer(n = 5). Five patients died of biliary infections, 4 patients died of hepatic coma, and 2 patients died of cancerous cachexia and 1 patient died of biliary tract hemorrhage. The major causes of postoperative death of patients with biliary obstruction treated by metallic stent to support bile duct are biliary infection and hepatic encephalopathy.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Bile Duct Neoplasms
Stent, Device
Hepatic
Hepatic Encephalopathy
Lymph Nodes
Bile Duct Carcinoma
Malignant Paraganglionic Neoplasm
Cholestasis
Bile Duct Structure
Benign Neoplasm of Lymph Nodes

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