Dec 13, 2006

The central role of osteoblasts in the metastasis of prostate cancer

Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Michel B ChoueiriSue-Hwa Lin


Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common malignancy in men. Although mortality from PCa has been declining over the past decade, metastasis can substantially shorten survival time and remains a major challenge in maintaining quality of life for survivors. PCa cells preferentially metastasize to bone and typically result in osteoblastic lesions. In the late stages of disease, however, osteolytic lesions are observed. The mechanisms of PCa bone metastasis are still unclear, but relationships between the PCa cells and the bone tissue elements are suspected of being more complex than initially thought. Far from being an innocent bystander, the bone participates actively in the metastatic process and provides the cancer cells with growth factors and a fertile environment. Among the various cells in the bone environment, osteoblasts have a central role through their bidirectional interactions with the PCa cells. This review discusses the possible mechanisms of PCa bone metastasis and highlights the essential role of osteoblasts in the metastasis of PCa to bone.

  • References73
  • Citations13


Mentioned in this Paper

Prostatic Neoplasms
MDA-BF-1, human
Malignant Bone Neoplasm
Prostate Carcinoma
Secondary Malignant Neoplasm of Bone
Primary Malignant Neoplasm
Bone Tissue
Tumor Cells, Malignant

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved