Jun 1, 1992

The characterization of two new low molecular weight proteins (LMPs) from Streptococcus pyogenes

Zentralblatt Für Bakteriologie : International Journal of Medical Microbiology
D GerlachW Köhler


Two novel extracellular mitogenic substances were isolated from Streptococcus pyogenes strain NY-5 and characterized. The purification steps involved an initial enrichment of the proteins from culture supernatant by silica gel adsorption, followed by ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration. The purified materials were homogeneous in SDS-PAGE, showed estimated molecular weights of 12 kD and isoelectric points of 4.7 and 4.3, respectively. Both proteins (LMP-12k-4.3pI and LMP-12k-4.7pI) demonstrated lymphocyte transformation activity at a concentration of 0.1 microgram/ml. The LMP-12k-4.7pI showed a 69.2% homology of the amino acid sequence with that of a phosphocarrier protein of Staphylococcus aureus and with a total identity in the active centre. The same protein was also isolated from streptococcal group C strain H46A with an N-terminal amino acid sequence being identical. The LMP-12k-4.7pI demonstrated biochemical properties identical with those of the earlier described streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin type D. The LMP-12k-4.3pI did not show such a clear relation to other functional proteins.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Multiple Pterygium Syndrome, Lethal Type
Bacterial Proteins
Lymphocyte Activation
Erythrogenic toxin
Streptococcal Grouping

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