Jan 1, 1980

The chemical neutralization of inhaled sulfuric acid aerosol

American Journal of Industrial Medicine
T LarsonM Morgan


We hypothesize that gaseous ammonia (NH3) released into respiratory airways can neutralize inhaled acidic particles and alter or mitigate their toxicity. To test this hypothesis, we have examined the relationship between respiratory NH3 and the chemical neutralization of inhaled sulfuric acid (H2SO4) aerosol in the surgically isolated upper airways of anesthetized dogs. With air entering via the mouth, the NH3 concentration measured at the larynx, ranged between 30 and 225 parts per billion (ppb). The extent of neutralization at this point ranged from 8%-70% (n = 16) for the 0.5-micrometer particles and 7%-22% (n = 16) for the 1.0-micrometer particles. With air entering via the nose, the laryngeal NH3 concentrations ranged between 50 and 220 ppb. Neutralization values were between 15%-65% (n = 8) for 0.5-micrometer particles, and between 16%-18% (n = 3) for 1.0-micrometers particles. For both routes of entry, the extent of neutralization was correlated with the laryngeal NH3 concentration. We conclude that the chemistry of acidic particles is significantly altered by respiratory NH3 during inhalation. The extent of neutralization is related to both the NH3 concentration in the airway and the size of the particle entering the ai...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Sulfuric acid
Benign Neoplasm of Larynx
Laryngeal Diseases
Particle Size
Ammonia Inhalants
Aerosol Dose Form
Neoplasm of Uncertain or Unknown Behavior of Larynx
Ammonia Measurement

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