PMID: 10699077Mar 4, 2000Paper

The chloride channel ClC-2 contributes to the inwardly rectifying Cl- conductance in cultured porcine choroid plexus epithelial cells

The Journal of Physiology
H KajitaH Matsuda

Abstract

1. The contribution of ClC-2 protein to the inwardly rectifying Cl- conductance in cultured porcine choroid plexus epithelial cells was investigated using Western analysis and whole-cell current recordings. 2. Inwardly rectifying currents were elicited by hyperpolarizing voltage at a potential more negative than -50 mV in the presence of intracellular protein kinase A (PKA). The relative halide selectivity estimated from the shift in the reversal potential (Erev) was I- > Br- > Cl- > F-. 3. Extracellular vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) activated the same currents in a dose-dependent manner with a half-maximal concentration of 167.3 nM. H-89 (a PKA inhibitor) interfered with the current activation by VIP. 4. The Cl- channel was inhibited by external Cd2+, Ba2+or H+, but only weakly inhibited by known Cl- channel blockers including glibenclamide, NPPB, DIDS and anthracene-9-carboxylic acid (9AC). 5. A specific antibody to ClC-2 detected a 79 kDa protein in porcine choroid plexus cells, which was reduced in cells treated with antisense oligodeoxynucleotide for ClC-2. Both PKA and VIP failed to activate the inwardly rectifying Cl- currents in cells transfected with the antisense oligodeoxynucleotide, while they activated the cu...Continue Reading

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