The cochlear aqueduct in pediatric temporal bones

European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology : Official Journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : Affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
E BachorC S Karmody

Abstract

The cochlear aqueduct is a bony channel which contains the fibrous periotic duct and connects the perilymphatic space of the basal turn of the cochlea with the subarachnoid space of the posterior cranial cavity. Previous histological studies suggested that patency depended on age, whereas a more recent study showed no statistical correlation between age and patency. To clarify patency in pediatric cochlear aqueducts, we selected 21 temporal bones from 12 infants and children, varying in age from birth to 9 years, in which the cochlear aqueduct was fully visible on one histological section. Photographs were taken for documentation and the length and width of the orifice of the external aperture of the aqueduct at the scala tympani were measured and followed to the internal aperture at the subarachnoid space. The lumen of the duct was examined for mononucleated cells, blood cells and fibrous tissue. Measurements revealed that the mean length of the cochlear aqueduct was 4.6 mm (range, 2.4-10.7 mm), mean width of the external aperture was 484 microm (range, 225-869 microm), and mean width of the internal aperture was 1293 microm (range, 699-2344 microm). The mean diameter of the narrowest part (isthmus) was 151 microm (range, 75-2...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Feb 23, 2011·European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology : Official Journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : Affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery·Herbert Stimmer
Aug 19, 2015·Neurosurgical Review·David Satzer, Daniel J Guillaume
Apr 18, 2000·Clinical Radiology·I TekdemirC Tellioglu
Jun 21, 2017·The Neuroradiology Journal·Michael A Wien, Matthew T Whitehead
Sep 26, 2009·Otology & Neurotology : Official Publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology·J Eric LupoDaniel J Tollin
Apr 24, 2018·Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy : SRA·Zhenghua LiAnzhou Tang

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