The Complete Chloroplast Genome of Heimia myrtifolia and Comparative Analysis within Myrtales

Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Cuihua GuZhiqiang Wu

Abstract

Heimia myrtifolia is an important medicinal plant with several pharmacologically active alkaloids and is also used as an ornamental landscape plant. The purpose of this study is to complete and characterize the chloroplast (cp) genome of H. myrtifolia and compare genomic features to other Myrtales species' cp genomes. The analysis showed that H. myrtifolia has a total length of 159,219 bp with a typical quadripartite structure containing two identical inverted repeats (IRs) of 25,643 bp isolated by one large single copy (LSC) of 88,571 bp and one small single copy (SSC) of 18,822 bp. The H. myrtifolia cp genome contains 129 genes with eight ribosomal RNAs, 30 transfer RNAs, and 78 protein coding genes, in which 17 genes are duplicated in two IR regions. The genome organization including gene type and number and guanine-cytosine (GC) content is analyzed among the 12 cp genomes in this study. Approximately 255 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and 16 forward, two reverses, and two palindromic repeats were identified in the H. myrtifolia cp genome. By comparing the whole H. myrtifolia cp genome with 11 other Myrtales species, the results showed that the sequence similarity was high between coding regions while sequence divergence was...Continue Reading

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Datasets Mentioned

BETA
MG921615

Methods Mentioned

BETA
Illumina sequencing

Software Mentioned

BLASTN
MEGA
SSRHunter
DOGMA
DNaSP
CLC Genomics Workbench
REPuter
Clustal X
tRNAscan
PHYML

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