The completeness of the fossil record of mesozoic birds: implications for early avian evolution

PloS One
Neil BrocklehurstJingmai O'Connor

Abstract

Many palaeobiological analyses have concluded that modern birds (Neornithes) radiated no earlier than the Maastrichtian, whereas molecular clock studies have argued for a much earlier origination. Here, we assess the quality of the fossil record of Mesozoic avian species, using a recently proposed character completeness metric which calculates the percentage of phylogenetic characters that can be scored for each taxon. Estimates of fossil record quality are plotted against geological time and compared to estimates of species level diversity, sea level, and depositional environment. Geographical controls on the avian fossil record are investigated by comparing the completeness scores of species in different continental regions and latitudinal bins. Avian fossil record quality varies greatly with peaks during the Tithonian-early Berriasian, Aptian, and Coniacian-Santonian, and troughs during the Albian-Turonian and the Maastrichtian. The completeness metric correlates more strongly with a 'sampling corrected' residual diversity curve of avian species than with the raw taxic diversity curve, suggesting that the abundance and diversity of birds might influence the probability of high quality specimens being preserved. There is no c...Continue Reading

References

Oct 1, 1990·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·P Dodson
May 15, 1998·Nature·S Kumar, S B Hedges
Dec 2, 1999·BioEssays : News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology·M J Benton
Apr 24, 2001·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·A B Smith
Jun 14, 2003·Science·James S CramptonPhillip A Maxwell
Aug 6, 2004·Nature·Lawrence M Witmer
Jan 22, 2005·Nature·Julia ClarkeRichard A Ketcham
Feb 12, 2005·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Toby M R FountaineR L Nudds
Oct 14, 2005·Nature·Peter J MakovickyFederico L Agnolín
Nov 29, 2005·Science·Kenneth G MillerStephen F Pekar
Dec 14, 2005·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Zhonghe Zhou, Fucheng Zhang
Dec 7, 2006·Biology Letters·Per G P EricsonGerald Mayr
Mar 29, 2007·Biology Letters·Joseph W BrownDavid P Mindell
Sep 8, 2007·Science·Alan H TurnerMark A Norell
Sep 22, 1972·Science·D M Raup
Jun 24, 1988·Science·P Wellnhofer
Jan 30, 2008·BMC Biology·Joseph W BrownDavid P Mindell
Feb 16, 2008·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Paul Upchurch
Jul 5, 2008·Science·John AlroyChristy C Visaggi
May 1, 2009·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Paul M BarrettVictoria Page
Sep 15, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Nicholas R LongrichDaniel J Field
Sep 21, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Anjali GoswamiJohn J Flynn
Oct 28, 2011·Biology Letters·Michael S Y Lee, Trevor H Worthy
Nov 26, 2011·Science·Bjarte Hannisdal, Shanan E Peters

Citations

Jan 23, 2014·Systematic Biology·Michael S Y LeeGareth J Dyke
May 31, 2016·Palaeontology·Christopher D DeanRichard J Butler
Feb 19, 2016·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Jonathan P TennantGregory D Price
Apr 20, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Manabu SakamotoChris Venditti
Sep 8, 2016·Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution·Jeff A JohnsonDavid P Mindell
Apr 13, 2018·Parasitology·Lidia Chitimia-DoblerJason A Dunlop
Jan 30, 2016·Science Advances·Santiago Claramunt, J Cracraft
Oct 8, 2014·PloS One·Juan C García-RSteve A Trewick
Jan 26, 2016·PLoS Biology·Roger B J BensonGraeme T Lloyd
Feb 20, 2019·Nature Ecology & Evolution·Roger A CloseRichard J Butler
Apr 10, 2019·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Joseph T Flannery SutherlandM J Benton
Dec 10, 2019·Current Biology : CB·David J Button, Lindsay E Zanno
Jan 30, 2021·Nature Ecology & Evolution·Daniele SilvestroYaowu Xing
Feb 24, 2021·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Yilun YuXing Xu

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Aves
Biological Evolution
Fossils
Paleontology
Phylogeny
Biodiversity
Environment
Sequence Analysis
Avian Proteins

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.