The contribution of specific cytochromes P-450 in the metabolism of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in rat and human liver microsomal membranes

Chemico-biological Interactions
V M MorrisonJ A Craft


The role of specific cytochrome P-450 isoenzymes in the regio-selective metabolism of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) has been studied in microsomal membranes from rat and human liver. An antibody inhibition study using membranes from phenobarbital-treated rats demonstrates that a member(s) of the CYP2C family accounts for up to 90% of the formation of the proximate carcinogen, DMBA-3,4-diol, and makes significant contributions to the formation of DMBA-5,6-diol and DMBA-8,9-diol. In these membranes the formation of DMBA-5,6-diol can be entirely accounted by the combined activity of members of the CYP2C and CYP2B families. The metabolism of DMBA has been investigated in human using microsomes from 10 individuals and the metabolites formed by these membranes were found to be mainly hydroxymethyl- and -diol products. The rates of formation of each metabolite show considerable interindividual variation and there was no correlation between these rates for any pairing of metabolites. The CYP content in these membranes of specific members of families 1, 2, 3 and 4 did correlate with the rates of formation of individual metabolites. Surprisingly there was no correlation between the content of CYP2C and formation of DMBA-3,4-diol ...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Metabolic Biotransformation
Cytochrome P-450 Oxygenase
Microsomes, Liver
August Rats
Rats, Laboratory

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